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E-cigarettes have been controversial since their inception, and there is no accurate conclusion about whether it is more beneficial than harm or more harmful than good. In this regard, countries around the world (regions) have different regulatory policies for e-cigarettes, some support and legalize sales, some support no objection, some completely prohibit sales, and some will ban sales.
The following is a comprehensive review of the policy of e-cigarettes in some countries and regions around the world, for reference only! Due to the continuous adjustment of e-cigarette policies in various places, e-cigarette sales and manufacturers should make flexible arrangements according to the regional conditions.
In principle, the following countries and regions prohibit the sale of electronic cigarettes (there is no information in other countries, no statistics):
Note: At present, the Hong Kong SAR Government of China is seeking legislation to completely ban the import, production, and sale of electronic cigarettes. The United Arab Emirates and Bahrain are already open.
China - allowed, but affected by regional differences.
Costa Rica - allowed. Import, sale, and use are permitted and regulated as tobacco products. All transactions must be verified for age (only adults over the age of 18). Advertising is not allowed. Use in public places is restricted.
Czech Republic - allowed. The import, sale, use, and sale of electronic cigarettes are unrestricted.
Estonia - allowed.
European Union - allowed. Import, sale, use, and advertising are allowed.
Germany - allowed. Import, sale, and use are allowed. The Supreme Courts of the two states ruled that e-cigarettes and poultry oils were not prescribed under the Drugs Act or the Medical Device Act. Germany is one of the countries with the most relaxed regulations on e-cigarettes. There is no special tax on steam fumes. There is no cross-border sales regulation. There are only minor restrictions on advertising.
Indonesia - allowed. The Indonesian government said it will impose a 57% tax on non-tobacco alternatives, including e-cigarettes, starting in the summer of 2018.
Israel - allowed. Import and sale are allowed.
Italy - allowed. Imports, sales, and use are unrestricted. People under the age of 18 are prohibited from selling e-cigarettes (only for nicotine-containing tobacco).
Ireland - allowed. Import, sale, and use are allowed.
South Korea - allowed. Here e-cigarettes are considered to be tobacco products and are subject to tobacco control legislation. The tax is high, and the report shows that the retail price of electronic cigarettes in Korea is the highest in the world. HNB products are very popular.
Latvia - allowed. Electronic cigarettes can be sold to people over the age of 18.
Malta - allowed. It is considered to be a tobacco product, and sales and use are permitted, but e-cigarettes fall within the scope of the Tobacco Law. They cannot be advertised, they cannot be used in closed public places, and they can only be used by adults over 18 years of age.
Netherlands - allowed. Import, sale, and use are allowed. The government tried to ban it completely, but it was legally overthrown: the Gravenhage Court in the Netherlands legalized the import and sale of electronic cigarettes and nicotine-containing electronic liquids in civil court cases.
Poland - allowed. Import, sale, and use are allowed.
Russia - allowed. Import, sale, and use are allowed.
Tajikistan - allowed. The sale and use of electronic cigarettes are currently unrestricted.
Ukraine - allowed, but limited.
UK - allowed. Allow import, sale, advertising, and use. There are some restrictions on advertising. To the best of our knowledge, the UK is currently the only country in the world where electronic cigarettes are fully and effectively regulated. The UK allows smoked oil with a maximum nicotine content of 20 mg/ml. The bottle may contain more liquids with a nicotine content of more than 10 ml and must be child-resistant and tamper-resistant. The volume of the nebulizer sold cannot exceed 2 ml.
US - allowed. Allow import, sale, advertising, and use. The US FDA has tightened controls on e-cigarette sales this year to control the abuse of e-cigarettes among young people and requires e-cigarette manufacturers to place e-cigarettes in physical stores.
Armenia - allowed. Sales of electronic cigarettes and smoke oils containing and without nicotine are not regulated. In 2018, Philip Morris International (PMI) began sales of its revolutionary smoke-free iQOS in Armenia.
Bosnia and Herzegovina - allowed. Nicotine-containing cartridges are not classified as tobacco products, so sales are not regulated.
Bulgaria - allowed. The sale and use of electronic cigarettes and nicotine-containing cartridges are legal.
Romania - allowed. The sale and use of electronic cigarettes are legal.
Sweden - allowed. Selling e-cigarettes is legal for anyone, but it is illegal to sell nicotine liquids to minors under the age of 18.
Switzerland - allowed. In 2018, local Swiss companies successfully challenged the illegality of nicotine-containing liquids in federal courts, immediately lifted the ban and sold nicotine liquids nationwide, and neighboring Liechtenstein, following the same laws.
New Zealand - allowed. Electronic cigarettes have been legalized. Philip Morris International's new IQOS tobacco products, which use non-combustion technology, are officially on the road to legalization in New Zealand.
France - allowed. E-cigarettes and nicotine liquids are considered consumer products subject to general product safety regulations unless they meet the medical permit standards. It is prohibited to sell e-cigarettes to people under the age of 18 and to sell cartridges with or without nicotine.
Australia: Partially licensed to ban electronic cigarettes containing nicotine. However, it is legal to obtain nicotine-containing e-cigarettes by obeying the following rules: obtaining nicotine prescriptions from a doctor or corporate health service; ordering nicotine-containing tobacco oil from a trusted international website or an approved Australian compound pharmacy; if importing nicotine smoke oil Please ensure compliance with the requirements of the TGA (Drug Administration) Personal Import Program.
Belgium: Partial permission to ban e-cigarettes containing nicotine.
Denmark: Partial permission to ban e-cigarettes containing nicotine.
Finland: Partially licensed, no nicotine smoke and e-cigarette equipment can be sold in Finland. Nicotine-containing tobacco oil meets the requirements of the Drugs Act and there is no sales license in this country. However, the Finnish authorities have decided that nicotine cartridges with a nicotine content of less than 10 mg and cigarette oils with a nicotine content of fewer than 0.42 grams per leg can be legally imported from other countries for private use.
Hungary: Partially licensed, it is legal to sell nicotine-containing cartridges, but the bottled capacity is limited to 10 ml and can only be sold at the official National Tobacco Store. It is forbidden to sell electronic cigarettes to minors under the age of 18. Hungary is one of the most restrictive countries in terms of nicotine replacement.
Japan: Partially licensed, electronic cigarettes containing nicotine are banned because they are classified as undocumented medical products. The world's largest HNB product sales market.
Norway: Partially licensed, e-cigarettes and nicotine-free cartridges can be sold, and the sale and use of e-cigarettes are legal, but nicotine cartridges can only be imported for private use from other EEA member countries (such as the UK). All marketing advertisements are prohibited. It is forbidden to sell to people under the age of 18.
South Africa: Partially licensed, e-cigarettes and non-nicotine bombs can be sold, but nicotine-containing tobacco oil is prohibited. E-cigarette products are classified as tobacco control, which means strict restrictions on marketing and sales. HNB products are starting to be sold.
Croatia: Advertising is restricted, e-cigarettes are banned in all public closed spaces, and e-cigarettes are classified as tobacco products. Electronic cigarettes are prohibited in all public buildings and are prohibited from being sold to minors.
Portugal: Restrict the sale of cigarettes containing nicotine.
Turkey: Inconsistent regulation of e-cigarettes. Sales are not completely banned and there are many online stores.
Malaysia: Electronic cigarettes containing nicotine are considered illegal, and electronic cigarettes have been banned in Penang, Kedah, Johor, Kelantan, and Terengganu. The Malaysian government is drafting new legislation to regulate e-cigarettes. The nicotine-free e-cigarette industry standard has been promulgated, and the production of e-cigarette oil is prosperous in the local area.