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According to the latest statistics from the World Health Organization, the estimated number of smokers worldwide has declined steadily since 2000, from 1.14 billion in 2000 to 1.1 billion today.
But when it comes to e-cigarettes (Vaping), it is another matter.
Number of e-cigarette users worldwide
In the picture, we can see that the number of e-cigarette users (vapers) has been increasing rapidly, from 7 million in 2011 to 35 million in 2016. Market research group Euromonitor estimates that by 2021, the number of adults who smoke electronic cigarettes will reach nearly 55 million.
For travelers, the joy of the journey is refreshing, but do you know? Bringing e-cigarettes to countries like Thailand can bring you fines or even put you in jail. Many countries, including Seychelles and Brazil, are also banned from selling e-cigarettes, but this has not stopped the increase in global e-cigarette consumption.
On October 10 last year, Hong Kong Chief Executive Lin Zhengyue delivered a policy address proposing a total ban on the sale of e-cigarettes and other new tobacco products. This is an unexpected change because the Hong Kong government has always advocated limiting the sale of electronic cigarettes to minors. Mrs. Lam said: "In the Policy Address, I proposed to fully ban e-cigarettes to protect the health of the public, especially children and adolescents."
Since the launch of e-cigarettes, they have never interrupted their arguments and doubts, and their potential risks and benefits have been in a heated debate.
It’s time for us to have a debate about e-cigarettes. The theme of this debate is “Would we like to promote e-cigarettes?”
Electronic cigarettes are harmful to health, we should not promote
Vaping sounds cool, almost futuristic, and its sales are increasing year by year, but what is the public's recognition of it? A new opinion poll report surveyed the e-cigarette perspective of more than 2,000 adults. In opinion polls, most adults do have doubts about e-cigarettes: 85% said they are concerned that the long-term health effects of these devices are unclear; 83% are at least “somewhat” worried about teenagers using e-cigarettes. On the other hand, only 41% believe that e-cigarettes are “healthy” than traditional cigarettes, and 42% believe that this is a “best way to quit smoking”.
1. Can electronic cigarettes help stop smoking? Think twice
Since the birth of e-cigarettes, it has been closely related to people's desire to quit smoking. With so many e-cigarettes and liquid smoke products, one of the most important sales strategies of dealers is to promote e-cigarettes as a substitute for traditional cigarettes and help to quit smoking. But is this really the case? The paper published by Kalkhoran and Glantz in the Lancet Respiratory Medicine magazine tells us that through the analysis of more than 40,000 smokers, the success rate of smoking cessation of people using electronic cigarettes is actually better than that of unused electronic cigarettes. The group is lower.
In June 2018, an article appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine NEJM, "A Pragmatic Trial of E-Cigarettes, Incentives, and Drugs for Smoking Cessation from a team of doctors and scientists in Philadelphia." And practical trials of smoking cessation drugs), the study focuses on e-cigarettes, economic incentives, and the role of drugs in quitting smoking. The entire trial lasted for six months, and the smoking cessation effect was determined by biochemical tests on blood samples or urine samples provided by the subjects. Guess, in such a clinical trial, how many people have successfully maintained a six-month quit smoking status?
The answer is: 80 people, accounting for 1.3% of the 6006 subjects. Students who want to quit smoking through e-cigarettes think twice before they do.
2.Electronic cigarettes and health
There is solid evidence that most e-cigarettes contain a variety of potentially toxic substances. In terms of nicotine intake, there are reports that reveal “a lot of evidence” that is “experienced e-cigarettes among adult e-cigarette users. Nicotine exposure is comparable to combustible tobacco cigarettes."
Nicotine in e-cigarettes may have some negative effects on health. Chronic nicotine exposure may result in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, although this risk may be offset by nicotine's well-known appetite suppression.
Inhalation of nicotine increases heart rate and blood pressure. Nicotine itself is highly addictive, and it can cause changes in the brain and increase the risk of addiction to other drugs, especially among young people. Nicotine may also impair adolescent forehead brain development, leading to attention deficit disorder and poor impulse control. In view of this, the use of e-cigarettes among young people has soared, and these potential hazards of nicotine are really worrying.
Nicotine in electronic fluids can also be a family hazard. Many electronic liquids have confectionery and fruit condiments and packaging that make them attractive to children. Cases of nicotine poisoning in electronic fluids have soared, and accidental intake of electronic fluids in children has increased by 1,500% over the past three years.
Seasoned e-cigarettes can pose a health hazard. They usually contain a compound called diacetyl, which is associated with a rare lung disease called obliterative bronchiolitis, which causes permanent damage to the bronchioles. There is moderate evidence that e-cigarettes can cause increased cough and wheeze in adolescents, as well as acute exacerbations of asthma. A study published in the American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cell and Molecular Physiology also found that short-term exposure to e-cigarettes is enough to cause lung inflammation to be similar or worse than traditional smoking.
Propylene glycol and glycerin are the main components of electronic liquids and are not considered dangerous by themselves. However, they may decompose when heated by the evaporator and be converted into toxic compounds such as formaldehyde. This is more common for new evaporators that use high wattage.
The National Academy of Sciences, School of Engineering and Medical Sciences has published a report assessing research on the health effects of e-cigarettes. The committee found conclusive evidence that drinking or injecting electronic fluids can be fatal, exposure to skin or eyes can cause seizures and other serious problems, and e-cigarette devices can explode and cause burns and other injuries.
3. Electronic cigarettes are also carcinogenic
Undoubtedly, the nicotine component of cigarettes is inextricably linked to the occurrence of lung cancer. The smoke produced by e-cigarettes contains nicotine flavors and other chemicals. Dr. Wang-Rodriquez of the University of California, San Diego, and his colleagues published their findings on Oral Oncology that e-cigarettes can cause serious damage to human cells and cause cancer. Cells exposed to e-cigarette smoke extract are more susceptible to DNA damage and death than unexposed cells.
In detail, the DNA strand of the exposed cells is broken, which can lead to cancer. In addition, exposed cells are more susceptible to apoptosis and death, both of which are forms of cell death, which are caused by external factors such as bodily injury or poisoning.
The advantages of electronic cigarettes outweigh the disadvantages
You may have read some earlier research that electronic cigarettes can hurt your health. These studies quickly became headlines in the country, and various exaggerated headlines claimed that e-cigarettes were dangerous. You need to know that bad news is more likely to be noticed than good news. People always pay attention to and remember bad things, but forget about its good things.
Previous studies have shown the value of e-cigarettes, or their advantages over ordinary cigarettes, but this research has not received the same attention. When looking at such a widely publicized research, it's a good idea to take a look at his testing methods and what it actually claims.
1. Electronic cigarettes are better than ordinary cigarettes
The first point to make clear is that e-cigarettes are still better for you than cigarettes. Numerous studies have shown that there is no carcinogen in e-cigarettes, no second-hand smoke, and the steam generated by e-cigarettes is much less harmful to cigarette smoke in the lungs.
A few months ago, the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medical School reviewed the health effects of more than 800 e-cigarettes. The report found that “no evidence available” indicates whether the use of e-cigarettes is related to the possible development of human cancer and “limited evidence” in animal studies.
The UK Ministry of Public Health has been a strong supporter of e-cigarettes because they were among the first to claim that e-cigarettes are better than cigarettes. In their most famous statement, "electronic cigarettes are at least 95% less harmful than cigarettes." A recent study by Martin Dockrell, head of public health tobacco control in the UK, said: "Electronic cigarettes are not 100% risk-free, but their hazards are significantly lower than regular cigarettes."
Despite the current e-cigarettes, the Royal College of Physicians still insists on their views on e-cigarettes. They say: "E-cigarettes may make a significant contribution to preventing premature death, disease and social inequality caused by smoking."
2. Less than 1% of carcinogens produced by electronic cigarettes compared with cigarettes
We all know that cigarettes are bad for us, but what most people don't know is that they contain more than 4,000 chemicals and 50 known carcinogens. More importantly, smoking-related diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Smoking causes many health problems, such as heart attacks, strokes, chronic breathing disorders, cancer, and can greatly reduce a person's quality of life.
In fact, more than 1 million people die each year from smoking-related diseases in China, and more than 800,000 people die each year from smoking-related diseases in the UK and throughout Europe. More than 24 million people seek medical care every year in Europe because of preventable nature.
The British Ministry of Public Health recently stated that "electronic cigarettes are at least 95% less harmful than regular cigarettes!"
A recent study by the University of St. Andrews attempted to measure the difference between the vapor of e-cigarettes, the "hot non-combustible" cigarettes and the vapors of traditional cigarettes. Specifically, the amount of each carcinogen is studied. It was found that less than 1% of carcinogens were present in electronic cigarettes than tobacco smoke.
There are only 4 simple ingredients for e-cigarettes! These include propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin (for confectionery, candy, chewing gum, soft drinks, fat-free ice cream, and cake mixes), food seasonings and nicotine.
So what would you rather suck into your lungs? Are you aware of the 4,000 chemicals and carcinogens in tobacco that are only these four ingredients?
3. No tar or secondhand smoke
When we smoke, it not only affects us but also has a huge impact on the people around us. Breathing another person's smoke or passive smoking clearly indicates cancer. Passive smoking can increase the risk of lung cancer in non-smokers by 25% and may also increase the risk of laryngeal and throat cancer. Secondhand smoke can also cause other health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and breathing problems.
It is estimated that more than 100,000 people die each year in China due to second-hand smoke, leading to lung cancer, heart disease, stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Therefore, even those who do not smoke, the cigarettes around them will have a negative impact on their lives. Electronic cigarettes do not contain tobacco or tar, and the effects of secondhand smoke are greatly reduced. By eliminating the 4,000 chemicals found in cigarettes and 50 known carcinogens, experts believe that e-cigarettes are a safer option.
4. No Scent
One of the biggest complaints we hear about smoking is the smell. The ashtray of lingering old smell seems to be everywhere. It lingers in your clothes, hair, breath, home, and car. No matter how much mint or how much mouthwash you use, it is always there. No matter how much perfume or cologne you spray on your clothes, the smell of cigarettes will still exceed it.
All the air fresheners in the world don't seem to get rid of the fear in your house. As a smoker, you will only notice a small amount of odor. But for those who don't smoke, the stench may be worse. You have to know that e-cigarettes are tasteless!
Twenty years ago, you could smoke almost anywhere, whether on the plane, in the office, in the bar, smoking was so common. Since the anti-smoking laws have been banned since smoking in public places in 2007, the night of the bar has become a night out, rather than enjoying a celebration with friends! Smoking is no longer legal in the workplace. Most people won't want to smoke at home!
Since e-cigarettes do not contain tobacco, they are not covered by the smoking ban. So you can use them without spending most of your time outside! Although some bars and restaurants may not allow you to use your e-cigarette inside, there are still many people who encourage it more.
6. It can help people quit smoking
One of the hardest things to give up when quitting smoking is the movement from hand to mouth and the impact on the back of the throat. Many people complain that the downfall of many smoking changes is that they don't give them the same feeling, making it difficult for them to make a switch and stick to it.
E-cigarettes are designed by former smokers to replicate the same feeling that ordinary cigarettes bring. So you still get a hand-to-mouth movement, a similar throat hit, and even exhaling smoke-like steam! It looks and feels like you are used to, helping to make it easier to switch.
According to the opinion of the British Public Health Department PHE and the National Institute of Scientific Engineering and Medical Research NASM at the same time in 2018, both departments believe that e-cigarettes help smokers to quit ordinary cigarettes and are worth encouraging.
New research from the University of Exeter and the University of Melbourne, funded by the British Cancer Research Centre, suggests that e-cigarettes should be more publicly advertised as a friendly smoking cessation service and that the increased use of e-cigarettes has the potential to have a considerable beneficial effect. Thereby helping people to quit smoking. Both the UK Department of Public Health (PHE) and the National Center for Smoking and Training (NCSCT) have stated that vaping can play a role in smoking cessation services. The “continuous tension” of using e-cigarettes in smoking cessation services may be a “significant” barrier for people seeking support.
Is Vaping good or bad?
There is no clear answer to this. Clinical regulator NICE pointed out that since e-cigarettes have only been sold in the market for about ten years, there is no authoritative research. It may take several years for such research to occur.
This is a debate. Whether the obvious results achieved in e-cigarettes will be surpassed by the adverse health effects that have emerged in the future. No one knows.